The marine farming industry in New Zealand has seen rapid growth and expansion over the past decade that has resulted in increased pressure on the sensitive coastal marine area.

With the growing demand for marine farming space on often previously unencumbered seascapes, many applications have ended up in the Environment Court. LA4 have undertaken assessments for numerous marine farm applications in locations including the Marlborough Sounds, Banks Peninsula and the Hauraki Gulf.

Landscape and visual assessments of marine farms can often be challenging, particularly due to the natural character values associated with the coastal marine area. This requires adopting a broader view of natural character and visual amenity values in the wider context, rather the compartmentalisation of views and effects which is often the case when assessing developments associated with terrestrial sites.